SEAMEO Innotech Report on Status of ICT Integration
Integrating ICT in education provides opportunities for students to search for and analyze information, solve problems, communicate and collaborate and hence, equips them with a set of competencies to be competitive in the 21st century marketplace. As the process of ICT integration in education has reached a considerable level of maturity and stability in some SEAMEO member countries, the key question is how ICT has been integrated in education among the countries in Southeast Asia.
TPACK FRAMEWORK (IMPLICATION FOR TEACHERS)
Three main bodies of knowledge—technological knowledge, pedagogical knowledge and content knowledge-inform the design of this theoretical framework. Accordingly, we describe the characteristics of these three bodies of knowledge, along with the bodies of knowledge that emerge from the interactions between and among them. We believe that TPACK framework has significant implications for teachers and the teacher educators, specifically, we argue that teachers should be considered “designers” of curricula, and with regards to teacher educators, we identify “learning technology by design” and activity types as two key methods for the development of TPACK.
ICT LEARNING RESOURCES
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education is the mode of education that use information and communications technology to support, enhance, and optimize the delivery of information.
Worldwide research has shown that ICT can lead to an improved student learning and better teaching methods. A report made by the National Institute of Multimedia Education in Japan, proved that an increase in the use of ICT in education with integrating technology to the curriculum has a significant and positive impact on students’ achievements. The results specifically showed that the students who are continuously exposed to technology through education has better ‘knowledge’, presentation skills, innovative capabilities, and are ready to take more efforts into learning as compared to their counterparts. Thus, teachers are expected to utilized various ICT Learning Resources to realize these goals and produce knowledgeable and innovative digital learners.